注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

曹兆领的博客

有志者事竟成,破釜沉舟,百二秦关终属楚!

 
 
 

日志

 
 

JSP导入导出excel  

2010-11-08 14:35:57|  分类: Java开发 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

POI3的资料整理
一.POI简介

Jakarta POI 是apache的子项目,目标是处理ole2对象。它提供了一组操纵Windows文档的Java API

目前比较成熟的是HSSF接口,处理MS Excel(97-2002)对象。它不象我们仅仅是用csv生成的没有格式的可以由Excel转换的东西,而是真正的Excel对象,你可以控制一些属性如sheet,cell等等。

二.HSSF概况

HSSF 是Horrible SpreadSheet Format的缩写,也即“讨厌的电子表格格式”。 也许HSSF的名字有点滑稽,就本质而言它是一个非常严肃、正规的API。通过HSSF,你可以用纯Java代码来读取、写入、修改Excel文件。

HSSF 为读取操作提供了两类API:usermodel和eventusermodel,即“用户模型”和“事件-用户模型”。前者很好理解,后者比较抽象,但操作效率要高得多。

三.开始编码

1 . 准备工作

要求:JDK 1.4+POI开发包

可以到 http://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi/jakarta/poi/ 最新的POI工具包

2 . EXCEL 结构

HSSFWorkbook excell 文档对象介绍
HSSFSheet excell的表单
HSSFRow excell的行
HSSFCell excell的格子单元
HSSFFont excell字体
HSSFName 名称
HSSFDataFormat 日期格式
HSSFHeader sheet头
HSSFFooter sheet尾
和这个样式
HSSFCellStyle cell样式
辅助操作包括
HSSFDateUtil 日期
HSSFPrintSetup 打印
HSSFErrorConstants 错误信息表

4 . 可参考文档

POI 主页:http://jakarta.apache.org/poi/,

初学者如何快速上手使用POI HSSF

http://jakarta.apache.org/poi/hssf/quick-guide.html 。

代码例子 http://blog.java-cn.com/user1/6749/archives/2005/18347.html


里面有很多例子代码,可以很方便上手。

四.使用心得

POI HSSF 的usermodel包把Excel文件映射成我们熟悉的结构,诸如Workbook、Sheet、Row、Cell等,它把整个结构以一组对象的形式保存在内存之中,便于理解,操作方便,基本上能够满足我们的要求,所以说这个一个不错的选择。

1.创建工作簿 (WORKBOOK)
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

2.创建工作表(SHEET)
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet1 = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
HSSFSheet sheet2 = wb.createSheet("second sheet");    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet1 = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
HSSFSheet sheet2 = wb.createSheet("second sheet");
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

3.创建单元格(CELL)
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
// Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.    
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short)0);    
// Create a cell and put a value in it.    
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short)0);    
cell.setCellValue(1);    
// Or do it on one line.    
row.createCell((short)1).setCellValue(1.2);    
row.createCell((short)2).setCellValue("This is a string");    
row.createCell((short)3).setCellValue(true);    
// Write the output to a file    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
// Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short)0);
// Create a cell and put a value in it.
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short)0);
cell.setCellValue(1);
// Or do it on one line.
row.createCell((short)1).setCellValue(1.2);
row.createCell((short)2).setCellValue("This is a string");
row.createCell((short)3).setCellValue(true);
// Write the output to a file
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close(); 4

4.创建指定单元格式的单元格
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
// Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.    
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short)0);    
// Create a cell and put a date value in it. The first cell is not styled    
// as a date.    
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short)0);    
cell.setCellValue(new Date());    
// we style the second cell as a date (and time). It is important to    
// create a new cell style from the workbook otherwise you can end up    
// modifying the built in style and effecting not only this cell but other cells.    
HSSFCellStyle cellStyle = wb.createCellStyle();    
cellStyle.setDataFormat(HSSFDataFormat.getBuiltinFormat("m/d/yy h:mm"));    
cell = row.createCell((short)1);    
cell.setCellValue(new Date());    
cell.setCellStyle(cellStyle);    
// Write the output to a file    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
// Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short)0);
// Create a cell and put a date value in it. The first cell is not styled
// as a date.
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short)0);
cell.setCellValue(new Date());
// we style the second cell as a date (and time). It is important to
// create a new cell style from the workbook otherwise you can end up
// modifying the built in style and effecting not only this cell but other cells.
HSSFCellStyle cellStyle = wb.createCellStyle();
cellStyle.setDataFormat(HSSFDataFormat.getBuiltinFormat("m/d/yy h:mm"));
cell = row.createCell((short)1);
cell.setCellValue(new Date());
cell.setCellStyle(cellStyle);
// Write the output to a file
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

5. 单元格的不同格式
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short)2);    
row.createCell((short) 0).setCellValue(1.1);    
row.createCell((short) 1).setCellValue(new Date());    
row.createCell((short) 2).setCellValue("a string");    
row.createCell((short) 3).setCellValue(true);    
row.createCell((short) 4).setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_ERROR);    
// Write the output to a file    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short)2);
row.createCell((short) 0).setCellValue(1.1);
row.createCell((short) 1).setCellValue(new Date());
row.createCell((short) 2).setCellValue("a string");
row.createCell((short) 3).setCellValue(true);
row.createCell((short) 4).setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_ERROR);
// Write the output to a file
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

6.单元格的不通对齐方式
Java代码
public static void main(String[] args)    
throws IOException    
{    
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 2);    
createCell(wb, row, (short) 0, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);    
createCell(wb, row, (short) 1, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER_SELECTION);    
createCell(wb, row, (short) 2, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_FILL);    
createCell(wb, row, (short) 3, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_GENERAL);    
createCell(wb, row, (short) 4, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_JUSTIFY);    
createCell(wb, row, (short) 5, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_LEFT);    
createCell(wb, row, (short) 6, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_RIGHT);    
// Write the output to a file    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();    
}    
/**   
* Creates a cell and aligns it a certain way.   
*   
* @param wb the workbook   
* @param row the row to create the cell in   
* @param column the column number to create the cell in   
* @param align the alignment for the cell.   
*/    
private static void createCell(HSSFWorkbook wb, HSSFRow row, short column, short align)    
{    
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell(column);    
cell.setCellValue("Align It");    
HSSFCellStyle cellStyle = wb.createCellStyle();    
cellStyle.setAlignment(align);    
cell.setCellStyle(cellStyle);    
}   

public static void main(String[] args)
throws IOException
{
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 2);
createCell(wb, row, (short) 0, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);
createCell(wb, row, (short) 1, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER_SELECTION);
createCell(wb, row, (short) 2, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_FILL);
createCell(wb, row, (short) 3, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_GENERAL);
createCell(wb, row, (short) 4, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_JUSTIFY);
createCell(wb, row, (short) 5, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_LEFT);
createCell(wb, row, (short) 6, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_RIGHT);
// Write the output to a file
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();
}
/**
* Creates a cell and aligns it a certain way.
*
* @param wb the workbook
* @param row the row to create the cell in
* @param column the column number to create the cell in
* @param align the alignment for the cell.
*/
private static void createCell(HSSFWorkbook wb, HSSFRow row, short column, short align)
{
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell(column);
cell.setCellValue("Align It");
HSSFCellStyle cellStyle = wb.createCellStyle();
cellStyle.setAlignment(align);
cell.setCellStyle(cellStyle);
}

7.单元格的边框设置
Java代码
//Working with borders    
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
// Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.    
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 1);    
// Create a cell and put a value in it.    
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short) 1);    
cell.setCellValue(4);    
// Style the cell with borders all around.    
HSSFCellStyle style = wb.createCellStyle();    
style.setBorderBottom(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);    
style.setBottomBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);    
style.setBorderLeft(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);    
style.setLeftBorderColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);    
style.setBorderRight(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);    
style.setRightBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLUE.index);    
style.setBorderTop(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM_DASHED);    
style.setTopBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);    
cell.setCellStyle(style);    
// Write the output to a file    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

//Working with borders
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
// Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 1);
// Create a cell and put a value in it.
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short) 1);
cell.setCellValue(4);
// Style the cell with borders all around.
HSSFCellStyle style = wb.createCellStyle();
style.setBorderBottom(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
style.setBottomBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
style.setBorderLeft(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
style.setLeftBorderColor(HSSFColor.GREEN.index);
style.setBorderRight(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
style.setRightBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLUE.index);
style.setBorderTop(HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM_DASHED);
style.setTopBorderColor(HSSFColor.BLACK.index);
cell.setCellStyle(style);
// Write the output to a file
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

8.填充和颜色设置
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
// Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.    
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 1);    
// Aqua background    
HSSFCellStyle style = wb.createCellStyle();    
style.setFillBackgroundColor(HSSFColor.AQUA.index);    
style.setFillPattern(HSSFCellStyle.BIG_SPOTS);    
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short) 1);    
cell.setCellValue("X");    
cell.setCellStyle(style);    
// Orange "foreground", foreground being the fill foreground not the font color.    
style = wb.createCellStyle();    
style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.ORANGE.index);    
style.setFillPattern(HSSFCellStyle.SOLID_FOREGROUND);    
cell = row.createCell((short) 2);    
cell.setCellValue("X");    
cell.setCellStyle(style);    
// Write the output to a file    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
// Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 1);
// Aqua background
HSSFCellStyle style = wb.createCellStyle();
style.setFillBackgroundColor(HSSFColor.AQUA.index);
style.setFillPattern(HSSFCellStyle.BIG_SPOTS);
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short) 1);
cell.setCellValue("X");
cell.setCellStyle(style);
// Orange "foreground", foreground being the fill foreground not the font color.
style = wb.createCellStyle();
style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.ORANGE.index);
style.setFillPattern(HSSFCellStyle.SOLID_FOREGROUND);
cell = row.createCell((short) 2);
cell.setCellValue("X");
cell.setCellStyle(style);
// Write the output to a file
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

9.合并单元格操作
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 1);    
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short) 1);    
cell.setCellValue("This is a test of merging");    
sheet.addMergedRegion(new Region(1,(short)1,1,(short)2));    
// Write the output to a file    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 1);
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short) 1);
cell.setCellValue("This is a test of merging");
sheet.addMergedRegion(new Region(1,(short)1,1,(short)2));
// Write the output to a file
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();
9.1合并单元格边框的解决办法
Java代码
private void setRegionStyle(HSSFSheet sheet, Region region , HSSFCellStyle cs) {   
       int toprowNum = region.getRowFrom();   
       for (int i = region.getRowFrom(); i <= region.getRowTo(); i ++) {   
           HSSFRow row = HSSFCellUtil.getRow(i, sheet);   
           for (int j = region.getColumnFrom(); j <= region.getColumnTo(); j++) {   
               HSSFCell cell = HSSFCellUtil.getCell(row, (short)j);   
               cell.setCellStyle(cs);   
           }   
       }   
}  

 private void setRegionStyle(HSSFSheet sheet, Region region , HSSFCellStyle cs) {
        int toprowNum = region.getRowFrom();
        for (int i = region.getRowFrom(); i <= region.getRowTo(); i ++) {
            HSSFRow row = HSSFCellUtil.getRow(i, sheet);
            for (int j = region.getColumnFrom(); j <= region.getColumnTo(); j++) {
                HSSFCell cell = HSSFCellUtil.getCell(row, (short)j);
                cell.setCellStyle(cs);
            }
        }
 }

10.字体设置
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
// Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.    
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 1);    
// Create a new font and alter it.    
HSSFFont font = wb.createFont();    
font.setFontHeightInPoints((short)24);    
font.setFontName("Courier New");    
font.setItalic(true);    
font.setStrikeout(true);    
// Fonts are set into a style so create a new one to use.    
HSSFCellStyle style = wb.createCellStyle();    
style.setFont(font);    
// Create a cell and put a value in it.    
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short) 1);    
cell.setCellValue("This is a test of fonts");    
cell.setCellStyle(style);    
// Write the output to a file    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
// Create a row and put some cells in it. Rows are 0 based.
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 1);
// Create a new font and alter it.
HSSFFont font = wb.createFont();
font.setFontHeightInPoints((short)24);
font.setFontName("Courier New");
font.setItalic(true);
font.setStrikeout(true);
// Fonts are set into a style so create a new one to use.
HSSFCellStyle style = wb.createCellStyle();
style.setFont(font);
// Create a cell and put a value in it.
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short) 1);
cell.setCellValue("This is a test of fonts");
cell.setCellStyle(style);
// Write the output to a file
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

11.自定义颜色
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet();    
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 0);    
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short) 0);    
cell.setCellValue("Default Palette");    
//apply some colors from the standard palette,    
// as in the previous examples.    
//we'll use red text on a lime background    
HSSFCellStyle style = wb.createCellStyle();    
style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.LIME.index);    
style.setFillPattern(HSSFCellStyle.SOLID_FOREGROUND);    
HSSFFont font = wb.createFont();    
font.setColor(HSSFColor.RED.index);    
style.setFont(font);    
cell.setCellStyle(style);    
//save with the default palette    
FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream("default_palette.xls");    
wb.write(out);    
out.close();    
//now, let's replace RED and LIME in the palette    
// with a more attractive combination    
// (lovingly borrowed from freebsd.org)    
cell.setCellValue("Modified Palette");    
//creating a custom palette for the workbook    
HSSFPalette palette = wb.getCustomPalette();    
//replacing the standard red with freebsd.org red    
palette.setColorAtIndex(HSSFColor.RED.index,    
(byte) 153, //RGB red (0-255)    
(byte) 0, //RGB green    
(byte) 0 //RGB blue    
);    
//replacing lime with freebsd.org gold    
palette.setColorAtIndex(HSSFColor.LIME.index, (byte) 255, (byte) 204, (byte) 102);    
//save with the modified palette    
// note that wherever we have previously used RED or LIME, the    
// new colors magically appear    
out = new FileOutputStream("modified_palette.xls");    
wb.write(out);    
out.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet();
HSSFRow row = sheet.createRow((short) 0);
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell((short) 0);
cell.setCellValue("Default Palette");
//apply some colors from the standard palette,
// as in the previous examples.
//we'll use red text on a lime background
HSSFCellStyle style = wb.createCellStyle();
style.setFillForegroundColor(HSSFColor.LIME.index);
style.setFillPattern(HSSFCellStyle.SOLID_FOREGROUND);
HSSFFont font = wb.createFont();
font.setColor(HSSFColor.RED.index);
style.setFont(font);
cell.setCellStyle(style);
//save with the default palette
FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream("default_palette.xls");
wb.write(out);
out.close();
//now, let's replace RED and LIME in the palette
// with a more attractive combination
// (lovingly borrowed from freebsd.org)
cell.setCellValue("Modified Palette");
//creating a custom palette for the workbook
HSSFPalette palette = wb.getCustomPalette();
//replacing the standard red with freebsd.org red
palette.setColorAtIndex(HSSFColor.RED.index,
(byte) 153, //RGB red (0-255)
(byte) 0, //RGB green
(byte) 0 //RGB blue
);
//replacing lime with freebsd.org gold
palette.setColorAtIndex(HSSFColor.LIME.index, (byte) 255, (byte) 204, (byte) 102);
//save with the modified palette
// note that wherever we have previously used RED or LIME, the
// new colors magically appear
out = new FileOutputStream("modified_palette.xls");
wb.write(out);
out.close();


12.读和重写EXCEL文件
Java代码
POIFSFileSystem fs =    
new POIFSFileSystem(new FileInputStream("workbook.xls"));    
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);    
HSSFRow row = sheet.getRow(2);    
HSSFCell cell = row.getCell((short)3);    
if (cell == null)    
cell = row.createCell((short)3);    
cell.setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);    
cell.setCellValue("a test");    
// Write the output to a file    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

POIFSFileSystem fs =
new POIFSFileSystem(new FileInputStream("workbook.xls"));
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
HSSFRow row = sheet.getRow(2);
HSSFCell cell = row.getCell((short)3);
if (cell == null)
cell = row.createCell((short)3);
cell.setCellType(HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
cell.setCellValue("a test");
// Write the output to a file
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

13.在EXCEL单元格中使用自动换行
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet s = wb.createSheet();    
HSSFRow r = null;    
HSSFCell c = null;    
HSSFCellStyle cs = wb.createCellStyle();    
HSSFFont f = wb.createFont();    
HSSFFont f2 = wb.createFont();    
cs = wb.createCellStyle();    
cs.setFont( f2 );    
//Word Wrap MUST be turned on    
cs.setWrapText( true );    
r = s.createRow( (short) 2 );    
r.setHeight( (short) 0x349 );    
c = r.createCell( (short) 2 );    
c.setCellType( HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING );    
c.setCellValue( "Use \n with word wrap on to create a new line" );    
c.setCellStyle( cs );    
s.setColumnWidth( (short) 2, (short) ( ( 50 * 8 ) / ( (double) 1 / 20 ) ) );    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream( "workbook.xls" );    
wb.write( fileOut );    
fileOut.close();  

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet s = wb.createSheet();
HSSFRow r = null;
HSSFCell c = null;
HSSFCellStyle cs = wb.createCellStyle();
HSSFFont f = wb.createFont();
HSSFFont f2 = wb.createFont();
cs = wb.createCellStyle();
cs.setFont( f2 );
//Word Wrap MUST be turned on
cs.setWrapText( true );
r = s.createRow( (short) 2 );
r.setHeight( (short) 0x349 );
c = r.createCell( (short) 2 );
c.setCellType( HSSFCell.CELL_TYPE_STRING );
c.setCellValue( "Use \n with word wrap on to create a new line" );
c.setCellStyle( cs );
s.setColumnWidth( (short) 2, (short) ( ( 50 * 8 ) / ( (double) 1 / 20 ) ) );
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream( "workbook.xls" );
wb.write( fileOut );
fileOut.close();

14.数字格式自定义
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("format sheet");    
HSSFCellStyle style;    
HSSFDataFormat format = wb.createDataFormat();    
HSSFRow row;    
HSSFCell cell;    
short rowNum = 0;    
short colNum = 0;    
row = sheet.createRow(rowNum++);    
cell = row.createCell(colNum);    
cell.setCellValue(11111.25);    
style = wb.createCellStyle();    
style.setDataFormat(format.getFormat("0.0"));    
cell.setCellStyle(style);    
row = sheet.createRow(rowNum++);    
cell = row.createCell(colNum);    
cell.setCellValue(11111.25);    
style = wb.createCellStyle();    
style.setDataFormat(format.getFormat("#,##0.0000"));    
cell.setCellStyle(style);    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("format sheet");
HSSFCellStyle style;
HSSFDataFormat format = wb.createDataFormat();
HSSFRow row;
HSSFCell cell;
short rowNum = 0;
short colNum = 0;
row = sheet.createRow(rowNum++);
cell = row.createCell(colNum);
cell.setCellValue(11111.25);
style = wb.createCellStyle();
style.setDataFormat(format.getFormat("0.0"));
cell.setCellStyle(style);
row = sheet.createRow(rowNum++);
cell = row.createCell(colNum);
cell.setCellValue(11111.25);
style = wb.createCellStyle();
style.setDataFormat(format.getFormat("#,##0.0000"));
cell.setCellStyle(style);
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

15.调整工作单位置
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("format sheet");    
HSSFPrintSetup ps = sheet.getPrintSetup();    
sheet.setAutobreaks(true);    
ps.setFitHeight((short)1);    
ps.setFitWidth((short)1); // Create various cells and rows for spreadsheet.    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("format sheet");
HSSFPrintSetup ps = sheet.getPrintSetup();
sheet.setAutobreaks(true);
ps.setFitHeight((short)1);
ps.setFitWidth((short)1); // Create various cells and rows for spreadsheet.
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();


16.设置打印区域
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("Sheet1");    
wb.setPrintArea(0, "$A$1:$C$2");    
//sets the print area for the first sheet    
//Alternatively:    
//wb.setPrintArea(0, 0, 1, 0, 0) is equivalent to using the name reference (See the JavaDocs for more details)    
// Create various cells and rows for spreadsheet.    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("Sheet1");
wb.setPrintArea(0, "$A$1:$C$2");
//sets the print area for the first sheet
//Alternatively:
//wb.setPrintArea(0, 0, 1, 0, 0) is equivalent to using the name reference (See the JavaDocs for more details)
// Create various cells and rows for spreadsheet.
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

17.标注脚注
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("format sheet");    
HSSFFooter footer = sheet.getFooter()    
footer.setRight( "Page " + HSSFFooter.page() + " of " + HSSFFooter.numPages() );    
 
// Create various cells and rows for spreadsheet.    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("format sheet");
HSSFFooter footer = sheet.getFooter()
footer.setRight( "Page " + HSSFFooter.page() + " of " + HSSFFooter.numPages() );

// Create various cells and rows for spreadsheet.
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

18.使用方便的内部提供的函数
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet1 = wb.createSheet( "new sheet" );    
// Create a merged region    
HSSFRow row = sheet1.createRow( (short) 1 );    
HSSFRow row2 = sheet1.createRow( (short) 2 );    
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell( (short) 1 );    
cell.setCellValue( "This is a test of merging" );    
Region region = new Region( 1, (short) 1, 4, (short) 4 );    
sheet1.addMergedRegion( region );    
// Set the border and border colors.    
final short borderMediumDashed = HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM_DASHED;    
HSSFRegionUtil.setBorderBottom( borderMediumDashed,    
region, sheet1, wb );    
HSSFRegionUtil.setBorderTop( borderMediumDashed,    
region, sheet1, wb );    
HSSFRegionUtil.setBorderLeft( borderMediumDashed,    
region, sheet1, wb );    
HSSFRegionUtil.setBorderRight( borderMediumDashed,    
region, sheet1, wb );    
HSSFRegionUtil.setBottomBorderColor(HSSFColor.AQUA.index, region, sheet1, wb);    
HSSFRegionUtil.setTopBorderColor(HSSFColor.AQUA.index, region, sheet1, wb);    
HSSFRegionUtil.setLeftBorderColor(HSSFColor.AQUA.index, region, sheet1, wb);    
HSSFRegionUtil.setRightBorderColor(HSSFColor.AQUA.index, region, sheet1, wb);    
// Shows some usages of HSSFCellUtil    
HSSFCellStyle style = wb.createCellStyle();    
style.setIndention((short)4);    
HSSFCellUtil.createCell(row, 8, "This is the value of the cell", style);    
HSSFCell cell2 = HSSFCellUtil.createCell( row2, 8, "This is the value of the cell");    
HSSFCellUtil.setAlignment(cell2, wb, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);    
// Write out the workbook    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream( "workbook.xls" );    
wb.write( fileOut );    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet1 = wb.createSheet( "new sheet" );
// Create a merged region
HSSFRow row = sheet1.createRow( (short) 1 );
HSSFRow row2 = sheet1.createRow( (short) 2 );
HSSFCell cell = row.createCell( (short) 1 );
cell.setCellValue( "This is a test of merging" );
Region region = new Region( 1, (short) 1, 4, (short) 4 );
sheet1.addMergedRegion( region );
// Set the border and border colors.
final short borderMediumDashed = HSSFCellStyle.BORDER_MEDIUM_DASHED;
HSSFRegionUtil.setBorderBottom( borderMediumDashed,
region, sheet1, wb );
HSSFRegionUtil.setBorderTop( borderMediumDashed,
region, sheet1, wb );
HSSFRegionUtil.setBorderLeft( borderMediumDashed,
region, sheet1, wb );
HSSFRegionUtil.setBorderRight( borderMediumDashed,
region, sheet1, wb );
HSSFRegionUtil.setBottomBorderColor(HSSFColor.AQUA.index, region, sheet1, wb);
HSSFRegionUtil.setTopBorderColor(HSSFColor.AQUA.index, region, sheet1, wb);
HSSFRegionUtil.setLeftBorderColor(HSSFColor.AQUA.index, region, sheet1, wb);
HSSFRegionUtil.setRightBorderColor(HSSFColor.AQUA.index, region, sheet1, wb);
// Shows some usages of HSSFCellUtil
HSSFCellStyle style = wb.createCellStyle();
style.setIndention((short)4);
HSSFCellUtil.createCell(row, 8, "This is the value of the cell", style);
HSSFCell cell2 = HSSFCellUtil.createCell( row2, 8, "This is the value of the cell");
HSSFCellUtil.setAlignment(cell2, wb, HSSFCellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);
// Write out the workbook
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream( "workbook.xls" );
wb.write( fileOut );
fileOut.close();


19.在工作单中移动行,调整行的上下位置
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("row sheet");    
// Create various cells and rows for spreadsheet.    
// Shift rows 6 - 11 on the spreadsheet to the top (rows 0 - 5)    
sheet.shiftRows(5, 10, -5);    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("row sheet");
// Create various cells and rows for spreadsheet.
// Shift rows 6 - 11 on the spreadsheet to the top (rows 0 - 5)
sheet.shiftRows(5, 10, -5);
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

20.选种指定的工作单
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("row sheet");    
sheet.setSelected(true);    
// Create various cells and rows for spreadsheet.    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("row sheet");
sheet.setSelected(true);
// Create various cells and rows for spreadsheet.
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

21.工作单的放大缩小
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet1 = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
sheet1.setZoom(3,4); // 75 percent magnification    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet1 = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
sheet1.setZoom(3,4); // 75 percent magnification
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();

22.头注和脚注
Java代码
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");    
HSSFHeader header = sheet.getHeader();    
header.setCenter("Center Header");    
header.setLeft("Left Header");    
header.setRight(HSSFHeader.font("Stencil-Normal", "Italic") +    
HSSFHeader.fontSize((short) 16) + "Right w/ Stencil-Normal Italic font and size 16");    
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");    
wb.write(fileOut);    
fileOut.close();   

HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.createSheet("new sheet");
HSSFHeader header = sheet.getHeader();
header.setCenter("Center Header");
header.setLeft("Left Header");
header.setRight(HSSFHeader.font("Stencil-Normal", "Italic") +
HSSFHeader.fontSize((short) 16) + "Right w/ Stencil-Normal Italic font and size 16");
FileOutputStream fileOut = new FileOutputStream("workbook.xls");
wb.write(fileOut);
fileOut.close();


23.图片的使用
Java代码
//先把读进来的图片放到一个ByteArrayOutputStream中,以便产生ByteArray    
ByteArrayOutputStream byteArrayOut = new ByteArrayOutputStream();    
BufferedImage bufferImg = ImageIO.read(new File("ok.jpg"));    
ImageIO.write(bufferImg,"jpg",byteArrayOut);    
 
//读进一个excel模版    
FileInputStream fos = new FileInputStream(filePathName+"/stencil.xlt");    
fs = new POIFSFileSystem(fos);    
//创建一个工作薄    
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);    
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);    
HSSFPatriarch patriarch = sheet.createDrawingPatriarch();    
HSSFClientAnchor anchor = new HSSFClientAnchor(0,0,1023,255,(short) 0,0,(short)10,10);    
patriarch.createPicture(anchor , wb.addPicture(byteArrayOut.toByteArray(),HSSFWorkbook.PICTURE_TYPE_JPEG));   

//先把读进来的图片放到一个ByteArrayOutputStream中,以便产生ByteArray
ByteArrayOutputStream byteArrayOut = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
BufferedImage bufferImg = ImageIO.read(new File("ok.jpg"));
ImageIO.write(bufferImg,"jpg",byteArrayOut);

//读进一个excel模版
FileInputStream fos = new FileInputStream(filePathName+"/stencil.xlt");
fs = new POIFSFileSystem(fos);
//创建一个工作薄
HSSFWorkbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);
HSSFSheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
HSSFPatriarch patriarch = sheet.createDrawingPatriarch();
HSSFClientAnchor anchor = new HSSFClientAnchor(0,0,1023,255,(short) 0,0,(short)10,10);
patriarch.createPicture(anchor , wb.addPicture(byteArrayOut.toByteArray(),HSSFWorkbook.PICTURE_TYPE_JPEG));

//-------------------------------以上实例代码均来自官方网站
//-------------------------------POI中使用的颜色是用颜色索引来实现,如下:
/*
* 颜色对照表 数字代表颜色索引
8: BLACK
60: BROWN
59: OLIVE_GREEN
58: DARK_GREEN
56: DARK_TEAL
18: DARK_BLUE
32: DARK_BLUE
62: INDIGO
63: GREY_80_PERCENT
53: ORANGE
19: DARK_YELLOW
17: GREEN
21: TEAL
38: TEAL
12: BLUE
39: BLUE
54: BLUE_GREY
23: GREY_50_PERCENT
10: RED
52: LIGHT_ORANGE
50: LIME
57: SEA_GREEN
49: AQUA
48: LIGHT_BLUE
20: VIOLET
36: VIOLET
55: GREY_40_PERCENT
14: PINK
33: PINK
51: GOLD
13: YELLOW
34: YELLOW
11: BRIGHT_GREEN
35: BRIGHT_GREEN
15: TURQUOISE
35: TURQUOISE
16: DARK_RED
37: DARK_RED
40: SKY_BLUE
61: PLUM
25: PLUM
22: GREY_25_PERCENT
45: ROSE
43: LIGHT_YELLOW
42: LIGHT_GREEN
41: LIGHT_TURQUOISE
27:LIGHT_TURQUOISE
44: PALE_BLUE
46: LAVENDER
9: WHITE
24: CORNFLOWER_BLUE
26: LEMON_CHIFFON
25: MAROON
28: ORCHID
29: CORAL
30: ROYAL_BLUE
31: LIGHT_CORNFLOWER_BLUE
*/
//----------------------------------------------------你可以按上面的方法来自定义颜色
/*
* 自定义颜色,去掉注释,贴加,其他则查看颜色对照表
HSSFPalette palette = this.getCustomPalette();
palette.setColorAtIndex(idx,
i, //RGB red (0-255)
j, //RGB green
k //RGB blue
);
*/
//-------------------------------------------------


 

五、应用实例:

<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=gb2312" language="java" import="java.sql.*" errorPage="" %>
<%@ page import="java.lang.*,computer.*"%>
<html>
<head>
<title>计算机设备管理</title>
<%
GetData gd=new GetData();
%>
</head>
<form name="form1"  action="SaveData.jsp">
<table border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="2" width="97%" align="center" bgcolor="#F6F6F6">    
 <tr><td colspan="5"><div align="center"><img src="http://aman.cao.blog.163.com/blog/images/text01.jpg" align="center"></div></td></tr>
    <tr><td colspan="5">
  <hr>
  </td></tr>
  <tr>
 <td width="15%"><div align="right">设备编号</div></td>
   </tr>
     <tr>
    <td colspan="5"><div align="center">
          <input name="btnDo" type="submit" value="数据提交">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
          <input name="btnReset" type="reset" value="重新输入">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    <input name="btnOutToExcel" type="button" value="导出到Excel" onClick="clickForOutToExcel();">
    </div></td></tr>
  <tr><td colspan="5">
  <hr>
  </td></tr>
   </table>
<input name="Page_Mark" type="hidden" value="Maintain">
</form>
<form name="form2" action="JSPExcel.jsp">  
 <input name="GetOrPut" type="hidden" value="">
</form>
<script language=javascript>
 function clickForOutToExcel()
 {
  document.form2.GetOrPut.value="PutMaintain";
 alert("维修设备清单成功导出为EXCEL文件!\r\r请查看C盘根目录下的:维修清单.xls");
 document.form2.submit();
 }
</script>
</html>

六、处理有EXCEL导入导出要求的JSP文件(JSPExcel.jsp)

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=gbk"%>
<%@ page import="java.lang.*,computer.*"%>

<html>
<head>
</head>
<body>
<%
String gp=request.getParameter("GetOrPut");
String gf=Pool.toChinese(request.getParameter("GFF"));
GetOrWriteExcel gwe=new GetOrWriteExcel();
if (gp.compareTo("Put")==0) {
  try{
  gwe.AllEquipToExcel();  
  %>
  <jsp:forward page="Equip.jsp">
  <jsp:param name="" value=""/>
  </jsp:forward>
  <%

 }catch(Exception ep){
   System.out.println(ep);
 }
}
else if (gp.compareTo("Get")==0) {
  try{
  gwe.GetEquipFromExcel(gf);
  %>
  <jsp:forward page="Equip.jsp">
  <jsp:param name="" value=""/>
  </jsp:forward>
  <%
 
 }catch(Exception ep){
   System.out.println(ep);
 }
}
else if (gp.compareTo("PutDis")==0) {
  try{
  gwe.DisToExcel();
  %>
  <jsp:forward page="Distribute.jsp">
  <jsp:param name="" value=""/>
  </jsp:forward>
  <%  
 
 }catch(Exception ep){
   System.out.println(ep);
 }
}
else if (gp.compareTo("PutMaintain")==0) {
  try{
  gwe.MaintainToExcel();
  %>
  <jsp:forward page="Maintain.jsp">
  <jsp:param name="" value=""/>
  </jsp:forward>
  <%  
 
 }catch(Exception ep){
   System.out.println(ep);
 }
}
else if (gp.compareTo("PutTrash")==0) {
  try{
  gwe.TrashToExcel();
  %>
  <jsp:forward page="Trash.jsp">
  <jsp:param name="" value=""/>
  </jsp:forward>
  <%  
 
 }catch(Exception ep){
   System.out.println(ep);
 }
}
else {
  System.out.println("GETORPUT的值是空的!");
}
%>

</body>
</html>


七、Javabean中专门处理EXCEL的导入导出的类:GetOrWriteExcel.java

package computer;

import java.io.*;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.ResultSetMetaData;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.ArrayList;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.*;
import org.apache.poi.hssf.util.HSSFColor;
import org.apache.poi.poifs.filesystem.POIFSFileSystem;

public class GetOrWriteExcel {
 Pool pl;
 Connection cn;
 
 public GetOrWriteExcel(){
  try{
   pl=new Pool();
   //在办公室通过WEB操作数据库
   cn=pl.getConnection();
   //在办公室用Test测试数据库操作
   //cn=pl.getConnectForTest();
   //在家测试数据库
   //cn=pl.getConnectAtHome();
   
   if (cn==null){
    System.out.println("数据库连接为空");
   }
   
  } catch(Exception ex){
   System.out.println(ex);
  }  
 }

 public void AllEquipToExcel(){
 
  String sqlStr="select * from Equip_View";
  String fname="c:\\设备清单.xls";
 
  try {
   DataToExcel(sqlStr,fname);
   System.out.println("所有设备导入到Excel成功!");
  } catch (IOException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  }
 
 }
 
 /*
  * 从Excel中导入设备列表,参数gf表示要导入的excel文件名
  */
 public void GetEquipFromExcel(String gf)throws IOException{
  try{
   POIFSFileSystem fs=new POIFSFileSystem(new FileInputStream(gf));
   HSSFWorkbook wb=new HSSFWorkbook(fs);
   HSSFSheet sheet=wb.getSheetAt(0);
   HSSFRow row;   
   int count=0;
   count=sheet.getPhysicalNumberOfRows();
   
   //数据库操作
   try{
   cn.setAutoCommit(false);
   Statement st=cn.createStatement();
   String sqlStr="";
   for (int i=1;i<count;i++){
    row=sheet.getRow(i);
    sqlStr="INSERT INTO Equip(EquipID,Price,BuyDate,ETypeID,DealerID,CPU,HD,MEMORY,DISPLAY,MAINBOARD,EState,Other,Remark,Spec) VALUES(";
    sqlStr += "'";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)0).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += Float.parseFloat(row.getCell((short)1).toString());
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)2).toString().substring(0, 10);
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)3).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)4).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)5).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)6).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)7).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)8).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)9).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)10).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)11).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)12).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "','";
    sqlStr += row.getCell((short)13).toString().trim();
    sqlStr += "')";
    //System.out.println(sqlStr);
    st.addBatch(sqlStr);
    //st.execute(sqlStr);
    //System.out.println(sqlStr);
   }  
   
   st.executeBatch();
   cn.commit();
   cn.setAutoCommit(true);     
   st.close();
   System.out.println("从Excel中成功批量导入设备!");
   }catch(Exception se){
    System.out.println("向Equip表中批量存入数据时出错,错误代码:" + se);
   }    
   
  }catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
   e.printStackTrace();
  }
 
 }
 
 public void DisToExcel(){
  String sqlStr="select * from Distribute_View";
  String fname="c:\\领用清单.xls";
 
  try {
   DataToExcel(sqlStr,fname);
   System.out.println("所有领用设备导入到Excel成功!");
  } catch (IOException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  }
 }
 
 public void MaintainToExcel(){
  String sqlStr="select * from EquipMaintain_View";
  String fname="c:\\维修清单.xls";
 
  try {
   DataToExcel(sqlStr,fname);
   System.out.println("所有维修记录导入到Excel成功!");
  } catch (IOException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  }   
 }
 
 public void TrashToExcel(){
  String sqlStr="select * from Trash_View";
  String fname="c:\\报废清单.xls";
 
  try {
   DataToExcel(sqlStr,fname);
   System.out.println("所有维修记录导入到Excel成功!");
  } catch (IOException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  }  
 }
 
 /*
  * 从数据库将数据导出到EXCEL文件的通用函数,参数sqlStr是传来的sql语句,filename是要保存的文件名与路径
  */
 public void DataToExcel(String sqlStr,String filename) throws IOException{
  ResultSet rs = null;
  ResultSetMetaData rsmeta=null;
  Statement st = null;   
  try{
   String[] title;
   
   HSSFWorkbook wb=new HSSFWorkbook();
   HSSFSheet sheet=wb.createSheet("数据清单");
   HSSFRow row=sheet.createRow((short)0);//第一行显示字段名称
   
   st=cn.createStatement();
   rs = st.executeQuery(sqlStr);
   rsmeta=rs.getMetaData();
   int numofCols=rsmeta.getColumnCount();
   title=new String[numofCols];
   for (int i=0;i<numofCols;i++){
    title[i]=rsmeta.getColumnName(i+1);
    row.createCell((short)i).setCellValue(title[i]);
   }
   //以下显示数据
   int k=1;
   while(rs.next()){
    row=sheet.createRow((short)k);
    for (int j=1;j<=numofCols;j++){
     row.createCell((short)(j-1)).setCellValue(rs.getString(j));
    }
    k++;
   }
   
   FileOutputStream fileOut=new FileOutputStream(filename);
   wb.write(fileOut);
   fileOut.close();
   
  } catch (SQLException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
   // TODO Auto-generated catch block
   e.printStackTrace();
  } finally {
   try {
    rs.close();
    st.close();
   } catch (Exception e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
   }
  }

 }
}
  评论这张
 
阅读(5426)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017